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狗万国际手机登录【ricaunion.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。青海且斜市场营销有限公司(原丹阳兔呈信用担保有限公司)成立于1993年,占地面积60846平方米,博士最新网址其中生产厂房占地7540平方米,仓库面积占地3957平方米。固定资产8814万元,流动资产9872万元,干部职工共810人,工程技术人员67人。狗万国际手机登录ByXiaBin,ZhangChenghuiLeiWei,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo186,(Thecreditcardmeansthecard-issuingbankprovidesthecardholderwithsomelineofcredit)andtheholdercanconsumeorwithdrawmoneytexemptioniftheamountisrepaidindullwithinthespecifiedperiodoftime,orhecanchoosetheminimumamountofrepayment)includequasicreditcardsinChina(Thequasicreditcardmean,epositswillbepaidasperstipulations).IftheissuanceofthefistquasicreditcardbyZhuhaiBranchoftheBankofChinain1985istakenasthestartingpoint,thecre,theGuangdongDevelopmentBankissuedthefirstRMBVISAcardinitsrealsenseandinlinewithinternationalstandardsand,atthesametime,,thecreditcardsissuedwereallinternationalcardssuchasVISAcardsandMasterCardsandthenumberofcsaccessiontoWTO,withthecompetitionamongbanksaggravated,domesticbanksbegantoincreaseinputinintermediarybusinessacreditcardbusinessindependentandunveiled,governmentdepartmentsconcernedwerealsoactivelypromotingthecommonuseofcre,thePeoplesBankofChinaorganizedcommercialbankstocommencethebuildingofthenationalbasicdatabaseo"314"Projectforcreditcardonlineusepracticedin2001andtheChinaUnionpayfoundedin2002,theconstructionofinfrastructurefacilitiesonChina,theChinaUnionpayintroducedthemarket-orientedmechanismsduringtheconstructionofthecreditcardmarketand,throughintensiveandmassoperation,effectivelyavoidedcut-throatcompetit,thenumberofcreditcardclients,,,00respectively,,,thusinitiallysatisfyingthedemandofcardholder,from2003onwards,,thenumberofissuedcreditcardsreached186millioninChina,being8timesthatof2002,o(Figure1).Thenumberofdomesticcard-issuinginstitutionsreached61,ofwhich16werenationalinstitutionsand15werecreditcardcentersinofficialoperation,,useofcreditcardshadbeenpopularizedin32provinces,province-levelmunicipalitiesa,thecre,in2009thenumberof,000yuan(Figure2andFigure3).Duringthesameperiod,,suggestingthatthecreditcardhasbecomet,theconsumptioncreditbycreditcar,(Figure4),%oftheongshapeinitially,,thecre:Firstly,thecreditma,,,,,,beingonlyequivalentto1/24of866billiondollarsrecordedduringthesameperiodintheUnitedStates;theaverageoutstandingcreditcardbalanceamountedto1,321yuan,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.HanJunCuiChuanyiRuralmigrantworkersareanewworkforceagainstthebackdropofChinasreedthatin2006theirrespectivelocalities,whichwasover40%seconomicdevelopmentandadvancingthechangeofChinadirectbearingonthesettlementoftheissuesofagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,butalsohasastakeinthesounddevelopmentofChinasindustrializationandurbanization,insocialjusticeandharmony,inconstructingamoderatelypantworkersunderthenewcircumstancesareasfollows:planningemploymentinbothurbanandruralareasasawholeandpromotingemploymentbycreatingbusinessstartupsinapersistentwayinthelightofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentandinlinewiththelawofeconomicandsocialdevelopmentandthewillofhundredsofmillionsofruralmigrantworkers;takingtheprincipleofputtingpeoplefirstandtreatingruralmigrantworkersimpartiallyandequallyasthefundamentalrequirementforproperlyhandlingtheissuesofruralmigrantworkers;takingthetaskofturningmoreruralmigrantworkersintourbaninhabitantsasabasicobjective;facilitatingthereformofthedualsystemsseparatelyenforcedforurbanandruralareas;advancingtheinstitutionalinnovationandguidingareasonableandorderlyflowofruralmigrantworkers;strengtheningtheprotectionofruralmigrantworkersrightsandinterests,ensuringanequalenjoymentofbasicurbanpublicservicesamongruralmigrantworkersandimprovingtheoverallqualitiesofruralmigrantworkers;establishingandimprovingaunifiedhumanresourcemarketandacceleratingtheestablishmentofaunifiedsocialmanagementsystemforbothurbanandruralareastoguaranteeidenticalcitizenshipsandequalopportunitiesandrights;strivingtohelpruralmigrantworkerstobecomeskilledworkersforemployment,toenterintolaborcontracts,tohaveguaranteedwages,toenjoyinjury,diseaseandendowmentinsurances,tobecomecapableofprotectingtheirrightsandinterestsandtoimprovetheirhousingconditions;andenabli,trendsandissuesfacingChinasruralmigrantworkers,thetaskforceonStrategicIssuesConcerningChinasRuralMigrantWorkersundertheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilhasputforwardthestrategicframeworktheimprovementofthestabilityandqualityofemploymentamongruralmigrantworkersasthegoal,weshouldlayemphasisontheculovernmentandjointlyrunbythegovernmentandthenon-governmentalsectors,whichlinkstheareassupplyingorabsorbingruralmigrantworkersandconmarketdemand,thepurchaseoftrainingachievementsbythegovernment,thefaircompetitionbetweenpublicandprivatetrainingagencies,thechoiceoftrainingagenciesbyfarmersontheirworkersbyawidemargin,setupthejointtrainingfundsupplymechanismbetweenthegovernment,enterprisesandruralmigrantworkers,cou%ofworkerswagesaccordingtoregulationasthefundsforthevocationalandskilltrainingamongruralmigrantworkersandencouragelargeenterprisesandtradeassociationstoinitiateworkersschoolsandsch,bygrantingfinancialsubsidies,reducetheexpensesspentbyruralmigrantworkersonparticipationinappraisaloftheirvocationalskills,soastoenabletheruralmigrantworkersinvolvedinthetrainingstoacquire,throughappraisal,relatedprofessionalcredentialsorsomesinglecertificateontheirvocaountiesandpracticethegratuitousvocationaleducationinruralareasWeshouldindaryvocationalschools(includingpolytechnicschools)andtrainingbases,putapremiumontheestablishmentofschoolsandtheenrollmentofstudentsthroughjointeffortsbyurbanandruralareasandbyChinaseastern,centraraduates,whohavefailedtogainaccesstosecondaryvocationaleducation,tohavevocationaitruralseniormiddleschoolgraduatesorgraduatesofsecondaryvocationalschools....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    —SurveyonShandongTextileEnterprisesByShenHengchao,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearch,theDRCResearchReportNo124,2009Withasignificantroleinadmittingemploymentandincreasingfarmersincome,textileindustryisthetraditionalpillarindustryinnationaleconomy,aswellasanimportantindustryforpeople,textileind,industrythroughinnovation,wemadeasurveyrespectivelyinRuyiGroup,LutaiGroup,:textiletechnologyofindependentresearchanddevelopmenthasbrokenthroughthelimitofpresenttechnologyofspunhighcountcottonyarnThepr,especiallytherapiddevelopmentinnearly10years,thegrouphasbeeninvolvedinmajorbusinessaswooltopmaking,worsted,rabbithairspinning,clothes,cottontextile,cottondyeprinting,knitting,fiberandjean,andhasestablishedacompletewoolfashionandcottondyeingindustrychain.(1)EstablishingrelativelycompletetechnologyinnovationanddevelopmentsystemRecognizedashi-techenterprisein2008,RuyiGrouphasbeenlistedthenationalnew-productdevelopmentbaseofwooltextileindustrybyChinaNationalTextileandApparelCouncil(CNTAC).Underthesystemofnationalenterprisetechnologycenter,thegroupboastsapost-doctoralscientificresearchworkstation,ShandongTaishanScholarposition,ShandongNewTextileFabricsEngineeringResearchCenter,RuyiTechnologyResearchInstitute,Group-levelTechnologyCenterandCompany-levelTechnologyCenter,whichareresponsiblefortechnologyreposition,ithleadinglevelsinChina,outofwhich4areawardedNationalScienceandTechnologyAdvancementPrize,and40areawardedprovincialandmunicipalprizesforprogressinscienceandtechnology(including3provincialfirstprizes,7secondprizesand2ministry-levelfirstprizes).Thegrouphas22patentsgrantedwithpatentrightsand30patentsapplications(including1PCTpatentforinvention,1Americanand7Chinesepatentsforinvention),RuyiGroupfirstattendedthetopmaterialworldexpoFrancePV(thefirstvisionexpo),showingthattheenterprisehasacquiredthecapacityofdevelopingtop-leveltextilematerialandissuingpopulartrendofmaterials.(2)ResearchinganddevelopingtextiletechnologyofRuyifangindependentlyandemphasizingnewproductdevelopmentRuyiGroup,WuhanInstituteofScienceandTechnology,XianPolytechnicUniversityhavesuccessivelydevelopedthroughcooperation"shortandefficientflowofembeddedcompositespinningtechnology(Ruyifang)"inFebruary,2009,whichbrokethroughthelimitofpresentring-spinningtechnologyofhigh-countworstedandrealizedlow-gradefibermaterialsandleftovershigh-countworstedandreachedspinningapplicationoffibermaterialswhichwerepreviou(CNTAC)andacademiciansfromtheChineseAcademyofEngineering,itbelongstoasignificantoriginaltechnologywhichwillreinforcetheinternationalcompetitiveedgeofChinaNationalTextileandApparelCouncil(CNTAC),homemadesuperfinewoolyarnprocessingtechnology,techniqueofsingleyarnweaving,clearproductiontechnology,enzymetreatmenttechnology,non-formaldehydewrinkle-resistanceandshrink-prooftechnology,multiplechemicaltechnology,technologyofrecoveryandutilizationofwastewaterremainingheat,,RuyiGrouphasdevelopedaseriesofproductsasSirofil,high-countlight-weightworstedfabric,ecologicalenvironmentalprotection,shape-memory,washable,superfinecashmere,lycraelasticandwater,,000ty,Sirofilspinningtechnologyanditsserialproductswereawardedthesecond-classNationalScienceandTechnologyAdvancementPrize,whichisthehighestscienceandtechnolodworld-toplevel,winningthegrouptwofirst-classScienceandTechnologyAdvancementPrizesawardedbyChinaNationalTextileandApparelCouncil(CNTAC):emphasizingresearchanddevelopmentandexploitingnewproductswithforeigncustomersLutaiGroupisthelargesttop-gradeyarn-dyedfacefabricmanufacturerintheworldandhastheproductionandresearchcapacityofcompleteproductionchainsascottonplanting,spinning,anddyeing,cleaning,,,LutaiGroupbelongstothetopyarn-dyedfacefabricmanufacturercompetingagainstNisshinboTextileInc.(Japan),ABINI(Italy)andMONTI(Italy).,%%,%.(1)StrengtheningtheenterpriseresearchanddevelopmentsystemandenlargingtheinvestmentLutaiGroupwasrecognizedasthehi-techenterpriseagainin2008ansideaonpromotingcompetitionistomeetcustomer,researchanddevelopmentexpenditureaccountsforover5%lpatents,,LutaiGrouphasgraduallyformedathree-levelresearchanddevelopmentsystemwhichregardsenterprisetechnicalcentreasthepillarcomposedoftechnologyresearchsectionofeachbnologysuchasoffice,trainingcenter,pilotbaseforspinning,weaving,cleaningandclothesmaking,qualityinspectioncenter,promotiondepartmentoftechnologydevelopment,post-doctoralresearchworkstation,LutaitechnicalresearchcenterofDonghuauniversity,LutaiKleintechnologyresearchcenterfortextile,dyeingandfinishinganddevelopmentanddesigncenterforItalianproducts,iveministriesofthecountryanditslaboratoryhaspassedthecertificationbyChinaNationalAccreditationServiceforConformityAssessment(CNAS).HanJunCuiChuanyiRuralmigrantworkersareanewworkforceagainstthebackdropofChinasreedthatin2006theirrespectivelocalities,whichwasover40%seconomicdevelopmentandadvancingthechangeofChinadirectbearingonthesettlementoftheissuesofagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,butalsohasastakeinthesounddevelopmentofChinasindustrializationandurbanization,insocialjusticeandharmony,inconstructingamoderatelypantworkersunderthenewcircumstancesareasfollows:planningemploymentinbothurbanandruralareasasawholeandpromotingemploymentbycreatingbusinessstartupsinapersistentwayinthelightofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentandinlinewiththelawofeconomicandsocialdevelopmentandthewillofhundredsofmillionsofruralmigrantworkers;takingtheprincipleofputtingpeoplefirstandtreatingruralmigrantworkersimpartiallyandequallyasthefundamentalrequirementforproperlyhandlingtheissuesofruralmigrantworkers;takingthetaskofturningmoreruralmigrantworkersintourbaninhabitantsasabasicobjective;facilitatingthereformofthedualsystemsseparatelyenforcedforurbanandruralareas;advancingtheinstitutionalinnovationandguidingareasonableandorderlyflowofruralmigrantworkers;strengtheningtheprotectionofruralmigrantworkersrightsandinterests,ensuringanequalenjoymentofbasicurbanpublicservicesamongruralmigrantworkersandimprovingtheoverallqualitiesofruralmigrantworkers;establishingandimprovingaunifiedhumanresourcemarketandacceleratingtheestablishmentofaunifiedsocialmanagementsystemforbothurbanandruralareastoguaranteeidenticalcitizenshipsandequalopportunitiesandrights;strivingtohelpruralmigrantworkerstobecomeskilledworkersforemployment,toenterintolaborcontracts,tohaveguaranteedwages,toenjoyinjury,diseaseandendowmentinsurances,tobecomecapableofprotectingtheirrightsandinterestsandtoimprovetheirhousingconditions;andenabli,trendsandissuesfacingChinasruralmigrantworkers,thetaskforceonStrategicIssuesConcerningChinasRuralMigrantWorkersundertheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilhasputforwardthestrategicframeworktheimprovementofthestabilityandqualityofemploymentamongruralmigrantworkersasthegoal,weshouldlayemphasisontheculovernmentandjointlyrunbythegovernmentandthenon-governmentalsectors,whichlinkstheareassupplyingorabsorbingruralmigrantworkersandconmarketdemand,thepurchaseoftrainingachievementsbythegovernment,thefaircompetitionbetweenpublicandprivatetrainingagencies,thechoiceoftrainingagenciesbyfarmersontheirworkersbyawidemargin,setupthejointtrainingfundsupplymechanismbetweenthegovernment,enterprisesandruralmigrantworkers,cou%ofworkerswagesaccordingtoregulationasthefundsforthevocationalandskilltrainingamongruralmigrantworkersandencouragelargeenterprisesandtradeassociationstoinitiateworkersschoolsandsch,bygrantingfinancialsubsidies,reducetheexpensesspentbyruralmigrantworkersonparticipationinappraisaloftheirvocationalskills,soastoenabletheruralmigrantworkersinvolvedinthetrainingstoacquire,throughappraisal,relatedprofessionalcredentialsorsomesinglecertificateontheirvocaountiesandpracticethegratuitousvocationaleducationinruralareasWeshouldindaryvocationalschools(includingpolytechnicschools)andtrainingbases,putapremiumontheestablishmentofschoolsandtheenrollmentofstudentsthroughjointeffortsbyurbanandruralareasandbyChinaseastern,centraraduates,whohavefailedtogainaccesstosecondaryvocationaleducation,tohavevocationaitruralseniormiddleschoolgraduatesorgraduatesofsecondaryvocationalschools....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米HanJunLiGuoChinahasmadegreatstridesinexpandingthelandrightofthepeasantsandstimdinfringementoftheirlandinterestsindiversewayshasbeerightoftheland-lostpeasants,thisresearchteamhasconductedasurveythatcoveredmorethan1,000peasanthouseholdsin39villagesinfourcounties(citiesordistricts),wemadeanin-depthanalysisofthereformofthelandexpropsLegalFrameworkforLandExpropriationSystem:LatestProgressThelandexpropriati,thefirstrelativelysystematiclegallegislationonlandexpropriationwastheRegulationsonStateExpropria,theobjeasizetheconsultativenature,insteadofthe"compulsorynature",ofthelandexpropriationandcompensationstandardsandtoemphasizethecompensationtotheland-lostpeasantsshouldbe"fairandreasonable".Intherelativesense,itemphasizedthestatusofthep"leftist"ideologyinthisperiod,littleconsiderationwasgiventotheinterestsoftheland-,,theStateCouncilamendedth,,namelythatthetotalsumoflandcompensationandcompensationallowanceforresettlementshoisingfromlandexpropriationshouldberespectivelyplacedbytheland-expropriatedunits,theland-usingunitsandotherrelatedunitsundertheorganizatio,,theL,buttheamendedlawcontinuedtousetheannualoutputvalueofthelandusedforitsoanceforresettlementsho,itcontinuedtousetheannualoutputvalueoftheexpropriatedlandasthebasefigureforcompensation,,,theStateCounciladopivingstandardoftheland-expropriatedpeasantsandthatlme,thepeasantsmightbecometheequityholdersoftheseproj,thelocalpeoplesgovernmentsshouldincludethepeasants,whobecamelandlessduetolandexpropriation,intothe,thelocalpeoplesgovernmentsshould,whenexpropriatingthelandcollectivelyownedbythepeasants,mustreservenecessarylandforcultivationorarrangeappropriatejobswi,itemphasizedthepeasantsrighttolearnthetruth,introducedahearingsystemandcalledfortheestablishmentandimprovementofacoordinationandadjudicationmechanismtohandlethedisputesoverlandexpropriationcompensationandlaborresettlementsoastoprotectthelegit,thedocumentintroducedtheprinciplethatthelandcompensationfeeshouldbemainlyusedfortheland-expropriatedpeasanthouseholdsandshouldberat,theuseofthecompensationfeebythfLandRegulationissuedlaterprovidedthatthesocialsecuritycostoftheland-expropriatedpeasantsshouldbeincludedintothecostoflandexpropriationcompensationandlaborresettlement,thatthedeficienciesshouldbemadeupbythelocalgovernmentswiththeirincomefromthepayableuseofstate-ownedland,andthatnolandexpropriatio,thepricemustfirstofallbeusedtofullymakeupthedeficienciesofthefundsrequiredtopaythelandcompensationfee,thecompensationallowanceforresettlement,thecompensationfeeforgroundattachmentsandyoungcrops,therelocationcompensationfee,andthesocialsecuritycostoftheland-expropriatedpeasants.。

    总统官网娱乐app下载ByLongGuoqiang,Re,2008Chinasprocessingtrade,whichwasinitiatedin1979,nowaccountsforhalfofthecountryngandupgradingofprocessingtrade,,itisofmajorpracticalsignificancetosummarizethehistoricalexperienceindevelopingprocessingtradeandtoconsiderthedirectionofandpolicyonthefuturerestructuringandupgradingofprocessingtradeatatisOpening-upStrategyAfterChinabeganreformandopeningup,itadjusteditseconomicdevelopmentstrategy,switchingfromthe"importsubstitution"strategyundertheplannedeconomytothestrategyof"combiningimportsubstitutionwithexportorientation".Inotherwords,thecapitalandtechnology-intensivesectorswouldcontinuetopursuetheimportsubstitutionstrategy,whiexchangesfortheimportsubstitutionsectorstoimporttechnologies,,thecoregoalofChina"earningforeignexchangesthroughexport",China,thegovernmentadopteddiversemeasurestoencourageexport-orientedprojects,suchasestablishingspecialeconomiczones,improvinginfrastructure,offeringpreferentialta,itsetperformancerequirementsfortheforeign-investedprojects,mainlyconcerninglocalcontents,,itcuttheincometaxbyhalffortheexport-orientedenterprises(whoseexportexceeded70%ofitsoutputvalue).OneoensiveindustriesinJapanandotherEastAsianemergenteconomieswerelooki"massimportsandmassexports".TheymustimporttheirrawmaterialsandsparepainvestedprojectsbecameakeyfactorforwhetherChinacouldseizetheoppor,Chinasimportsubstitutionsectorsst,hightariffsandothertradebarriersobstrueensurethelow-costoperationsinChinaoftheexport-orientedforeign-investedprojectsTheChinesegovernmentintroducedapolicyonprocessingtrade,whichmeanttherawmaterialsandsparepartsimportedbyenterprisesforexport-orientedprocessingwereexemptfromtheimportdutiesandimporttaxes(theyweremainlytheproducttaxbefore1994andthevalue-addedtaxandconsumptiontaxlateron).ThispolicyeliminatedtheobstructionofChinashightariesticindustries,thedepartmentsinchargeofcustoms,inspectionandquarantinealsoconstantlyimprovedtheirregulations,greatlyfaci,,Chinahasbeenthelargestforeigninvestmentattractoramongthedevelopingcountriesintheworld,withit,,71%,Chinaimposedvar,mostoftheforeigninvestmentsinChina%,ChinacouldnothavebeensosuccesssprocessingtradehasplayedtangiblerolesindevelopingChina,theindustrializationandeconomicdevelopmentofdevelopingcountriesisrestrictedbylowexportcompetitiveness,whichresultedfromlowcomp,Chinahasisesintechnology,management,equipment,marketingchannelsandbrandswiththecountrysadvantagesinlabor,landcostandinfrastructure,ChinaturneditselfrsexportandbecomethemostimportantformofChinasForeignTrade(2007)HanJunQinZhongchun,,sMajorAgriculturalProductsSincereformandopening-up,withthesharpincreaseofthetotalvolumeofagriculturalproductsinChina,thelong-standingshortageofsupplyhasbeenrelieved,whichhasenabledtheChinesepeoplenotonlytoaddresstheissueofgrainandclothingbutalsotomakeahistoricleapfromhavingonlyadequategra,totalsupplyanddemandofgrainandothermajoragriculturalproductsinChinahasbeenbalancedbasically,andinyearsofbumperharvest,,withthefastgrowthofnationaleconomyandasChinaisgettingtotallyintegratedwiththeworldeconomyafteritsentryintotheWTO,thebalancebetweensupplyanddemandr,thesupplyofagriculturalproductscouldmeetdemandw,ChinauctsInChina,majorcategoriesofgrainincludegrain,~13%ofthecountryrssince2004andthesupplyofgrainhasbeengreatlyenhanced,,theyarecategorizedintoresidentsgrain,foragegrain,lystablewhileth,percapitameatconsumptionbyurbanresidents,includingoutdoorconsumption,isabout40kg,butpercapitameatconsumptionbyfarmersannuallyiumption,hthatbyurbanresidents,~,thevolumeoflivestockproductconsumptionbyurbanresidentswillgrowatarelativelyslowspeedwhilethevolumeoflivestockproductconsumptionbyr,thecountry(industrialalcohol,ediblealcoholandfuelethanol),theconsumptionvolumeofstarch-usemaizeandthatofforage-usemaizefrom2005to2006wereupby95%,62%andonly5%,mostmaize(%)isputintouseforforage,%ofmaizeisforin-depthprocessingindustry,the,thevolumeofmaizeconsumedbyChina,%,whichwasfarhigherthantheaveragegrowthrate(%),bycontinuallyimplementingsupportivepolicymeasuresthatintendtostabilizetheproductionofgrain,therelationbetweenthesupplyofanddemandforwheat,ainiswithmaizeandtherelationbetweenthesupplyanddemandformaizeischangingfro,theincreasinglevelofresidentsincomeandthecountrysdriveforurbanization,thepres,thetotalpopulationinChinaincreasedby90millionpersons,,thedis,,,althoughtheconsumptionvolumeofresidentsgraindropstosomeextent,theconsu,China,whenurbanizationratereaches30~70%,thepaceofurbanizationisaccelerated;andacountrycouldnothavestabilizedrelationbetweensupplyanddemandforagriculturalproductsonthewholeuntilitsurbanizationratereaches70%.Itisreasonabletoforecastthatinthenext20years,,thedemandforcommercializedagriculturalproductsinChinawillcontinuetogrow.Globalexpansionhasenhancesstudyshowsthat,duetotheeconomiesofscaleandthesynergyeffect,thesuccessfulmergersandacquisitionsamongpharmaceuticalenterprisescansaveabout15%~25%oftheresearchanddevelopmentcosts,5%~20%ofproductioncosts,15%~50%ofmarketingcostsand20%~50%ofadministrationcostsfortheenterprises(TheMcKinseyQuarterly(VI),EconomicSciencePress,1998.).Globalexpansionhasalsoincreasedtheglobalmarketaccessionbyasmallnumberofkeyphar,thesalesvolumeofsomedozenkindsofkeypharmaceuticalshasaccountedforabout30%oftheglobalpharmaceuticalsalesvolume,ofwhichthetoptenkindsofpharmaceuticalshavemadeupabout10%sdomesticpharmaceuticalenterpriseshasgenerallyshownafastincreaseovernearly30yearsfromover800inthebeg,thevastmajorityofpharmaceuticalenterprisesaresmallinscalewithlimitedeconomicscale,andthewholepharmaceuticalindustryislessthanRMB300,000yuan,stoptenpharmaceuticalenterprisesonlyaccountfor10%orsoofthesalesincomesofallpharmaceuticalenterprises,beingmthesalesvolumeofPfizeralone.(2)TheUnitedStates,EuropeandJapandominatethepharmaceuticalinnovationandChina"newchemicalentities(NCEs)",theinternationallyrecognizednewpharmaceuticalstandard(NCEsrefertothematerialsthathavenotbeenratifiedbythepharmaceutapprovedormarketedbymajorindustrializedcountries.),themajorityofnewchemicalentit,during1986~2005,,therewere327inEurope,287intheUnitedStatesand109inJapan,%ofallnewlydevelopedpharmaceuticalsintheworld;Chinaandothercountriesandregionsdeveloped36NCEsinall,%.By"proportioninAmericanpatentapplications",theinnovationpotentialindicator,theUnitedStates,inarrearofIndiainrecentyears(Table3).Table2GloballyApprovedNCEsduring1986~2005(Unit:piece)狗万国际手机登录重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByLaiYouwei,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo038,2010Inrecentyears,thegrowthofChinasserviceindustryasawholehasbecomevisiblyfaster,withbothmodesproducerserviceindustrieshRapidEconomicGrowthAsChinawidensitsopeningtotheoutsideworldandgraduallyimprovesitsinfrastructuresandmarketsystems,thecountrysproducerserviceindustrieshavealsodevelopedrapidly,providingastrongsupportforthedevelopmentofmanufacturin,theseindustriesstillrepresentasmall,theaddedvalueofChinastertiaryindustrywas13,134billionyuan,%%alcrisis,modernserviceindustriesandespeciallyproducerserviceindustrieshavemaintainedanexcellentdevelopmentmomentuminspiteofu,serviceeconomyspearheadedbyproducerserviceindustrieshasappearedinBeijing,Shanghai,Guangzhouandothercities,w,%ofBeijingstotaloutputvalue,theproducerserviceindustriesclaimeda60%shareofthetotaladdedvalueofthecityvidesNewGrowthFieldsforChinasEconomicDevelopmentInrecentyears,,publicnotary,legalassistanceandeconomicarbitration;theinvestmentandassetsmanagementservicesincludingprojectplanning,financialconsulting,acquisition,fundandprivatebanking;theeconomicappraisalservicesincludingassetsappraisal,verificationandtest;theconsultingservicesincludingmarketinvestigation,engineeringconsulting,managementconsultingandcreditservice;theproducerserviceindustrieswithgreatdevelopmentpotentialsincludingindustrialdesign,convention,exhibition,Internetinformationservice,e-business,,thevigorousdevelopmentofnewproducerserviceindustrieshasprovidednewgrowthfieldsforChina,theserviceoutsourcingindinscaleSincethebeginningofthenewcentury,software,informationserviceandotherproduce,serviceoutsourcingundertakenb,China%%to410,,citieslikeShanghai,Beijing,DalianandHangzhouallhaveinternationalserviceoutsourcingparks,nothepatter,Chinaonthsof2009,Chinahad3,287newenterprisesengagedinserviceoutsourcing,offeringemploymentto585,,398,000newuniversitygraduateswereemployed,foreignserviceoutsourcingcontractsworthUS$%higheryearonyearweresigned,andcontractsworthUS$%,Chinahad8,060enterprisesengagedinserviceoutsourcing,sserviceoutsourcingindustryhasenormousdevelopmentpotentialsAsChinasserviceoutsourcingindustryisstillinthetake-offstage,,thafreshpushofthecentralandregionalgovernments,Chinasserviceoutsourcingindustrywillcontinuethestrongdevelopmenthatby2013,Chinasinternationalserviceoutsourcingindustrywillgrow43%annuallyonaveragetoUS$30billion,2,000la,sserviceoutsourcingindustryhasscoredrapiddevelopmentdespiteinternationaleconomicdownturn,wemussserviceoutsourcingindustryisstillnotedforweakcorporatestrength,inadequateinnovationcapacity,unsoundpublicservicesystemandlimitedinternationalinfluence.SinceOctober2006,,thepurchasepricesofpaddy,%,%%,inparticular,haveseenacontinualandrecoveryriseafteradownturninthefirsthalfof2006and,byMay2007,theporkpricesinsomecitiesinsouthernChinahadrisenapparentlyandaffectednorthernChina,t,,,%,thepricesofChinasagrctsResearcheshaveshownthatbytheoreticalanalysisthecyclicalfluctuationsofthepricesofChinasagriculturalproducts(Tofacilitatetheanalysis,thispaperusestheestimatedresultsofλ=100tomaketheanalysis.)sawhole,ons,namely,biasedasymmetryandthoroughgoingasymmetry,andthesetwotypesoffluctuationscanalsobringaboutotherformsofasymmetry(LiuJinquanandFanJianqing,2001).,thetimeanddegreeofcyclicalfluctuations(Ascyclicalfluctuationsarenotsymmetricalintermsofcrossaxle,therefore,,thispaperuseswavedistanceasaunittoindicatethedistancebetweenwavecrestandtrough.),during1978~1986and1993~2000thepricesofagriculturalproductsfluctuatedfor8years,andfor6yearsduring1987~1992,allbeingmedium-andlong-termperiods;thepricesfluctuatedfor4yearsduring2003~2006andonlyfor2yearsduring2001~2002,,during1993~%,andthedegreeoffluctuationsduring1987~%,beingextremelyfierce;whiledegreesofthepricefluctuationsinotheryearswerealllessthan10%,,swereinthemiddleofthewavelength,suchas1987~1992,1993~2000and2001~2002,thediffe,thet,during1978~1986,1987~1992and2001~2002,thepricesrosesteeplyanddroppedslowlyand,during1993~2000and2003~2006thepricesincreasedslowlybutdeclinedswiftly(Table2).Fourthly,thefluctuationso,thedegreesofthef,during2003~2006,thesoybeanpriceroseashighas116%,thecornpricesurged75%,thewheatpricesoared46%,whilethepaddypriceonlyinchedup4%.ByFengJie,ZhangJunkuoGaoShiji,,2008Overall,Chinadegrees,thefactorscausingindustrialinstabilityaregraduallyreducing,andvariousregionshaveformedgoodexperi,duetotheimpactandrestraintofvariousfactors,somecitiesarestillobsessedbyrelevantproblems,suchasthedifficultytogetataxi,thepoorservicequality,thesubstandardoperationalmanagement,therampantillegaloperations,theproblematicrelationsbetweendriversandenterprises,,thetheoreticalcircle,themanagementdepartments,theoperatingcompanies,thedriversandtheconsumersallhaveputforwardtheiropini,standardizethetaximanagementandpromotethehealthydevelopmentofthetaxiindustry,theDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilformedaspecialresearchprojectteamtoexaminethetaxidevelopmentandmanagementinthecitiesofBeijing,Wenzhou,Wuhan,Shenyang,Taiyuan,Chongqing,Guangzhou,staxiindustry,itisbelievedthatindustrialdefinition,regulatorymethods,transferofoperationalright,operationalmodels,illegaltaxis,illegaltaxioperations,andrelationsbetweenenterprisesanddriversarethecoreissuesconcerningthecurrentmanagementanddevelopmentofChinantofthetaxiindustryandpromoteasustained,steadyandhealthydevelopmentoftheindustry,,Chinamusttakeintoaccountthemaximizationofsocialwelfareandstrikeabalanceintheinterestpursuitbetweenallthestakeholders,includingtheconsumers,theoperators,,Chinashouldconsiderthenatureofthetaxioperationalright,thetransferoftheserights,themodelsofindustrialoperationandthemodelsofgovernmentregulation,fromtheperspecteimportantlywemuststudytheissuesconcerningthedevelopmentandmanagementofthetaxiindustryaccordingtothefeaturesofChinaseconomicandsocialdevelopmentatpresentstage,:SupplementtoLarge-CapacityPublicTransportationThedefinitionofthetaxiindustryconstituscurrentnationalconditions,taxisshouldbedefinedasasupplementtothelarge-capacitypublictratransportationsystems(suchasbuses,subwaysandlightrails),,taxisinvolvefairlyhigroadresources,,theproblemssuchasoverpopulation,land,developinglarge-capacitypublictransportationsystemsasapriorityshouldbealong-termstrategyandacco,suchadefinitioncannotdistinguishprioritiesandcanleadtoamisunderstandingthattaxisshouldalsoenjoygo,beforethelarge-capacitypublictransportationsystemsareconstructedandimproved,taxisinmanycitiesandespeciallysmallcitiesareanimportantmeansoftransportationandpl,evenwhenthelarge-capacitypublictransportationsystemsarewelldeveloped,taxisarestillameansofpublictransportationrequiredtomeetthespecialtransportationdemandoftheresidents,suchastransportationtoairports,,asthelarge-capacitypublictransportationsystemshavelimitationsinservicenetworksandoperatinghours,,whiletaxisshouldnotbetakenasthemainmeansofpublictransportation,theyareunsubstitutableandcans,taxisshouldbeincorporatedintotheintegratedtransportationsystemsandespeciallythoseintheurbanareas,:Government-FranchisedOperationRegulatingthetaxiindustrythroughgovernment-franchisedoperationmeansthegovernmentshouldnotonlyregulatethefareandquantityoftaxis,butalsoexercxiindustry,differentcountrieshavedifferentexperience,:,fthetaxiindustrybutalsoontheenvironmentforthedevelopmentofthisindustry.LongGuoqiangHowwillglobalsupplychainschangeundertheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisisWhatopportunitiesandchallengeswillthesechangesbringtoChinaWhatpositivemeasuresshouldChinataketosee(DRC)setupaionalcompanies,madecasestudiesontheChina-basedenterprisesofPhilipsandBoeing,issuedquestionnairestoover1,500foreign-investedenterprises,,thetaskforcealsosolicitedop,astthreedecades,theformationandexpansionofglobalsupplychainshas,,theincreasinglyfiercemarketcompetitionhasforcedmultinationalcompaniestofullytapthecomparativeadvantagesofvariouscountriesandre-arrangetheirproduction,marketing,,thevigorousadvanceintradeandinvestmentliberalizationhasgr,therevolutionaryadvanceintechnologyandmlogisticshasgreatlyreducedthecostoftransnationaloperationsandgivenastrongpushtothemod,ericanfamilies,the"re-manufacturing"pursuedbydevelopedcountries,thenewdevelopmenttrendsoflow-carboneconomyandgreeneconomyarisingfromclimateissues,thenew-roundtechnologicalrevolutionarisingfromthefinancialcrisis,theresurgeoftradeprotectionismandthenewtechnologicaltradebarrierssuchas"carbontariff",theadjustmentoftheglobalpatternofeconomicdevelopmentarisingfromtherapiddevelopmentofemergingeconomies,theglobalovercapacityandfiercercompetition,theadjustmentoftherulesonglobalfinance,tradeandinvestment,andthesforglobalsupplychainswil,thebasictrendofglobaltradeandinvestmentliberationisunlikelytochangeandso,multinationalcompanieswillinternationalizetheirRDactivitiesandserviceoutsourcingandwilndbrincrisisera:First,,theconsumerdemandgrowthindevelopedcountrieswillslowdown,thedemandinemergingeconomieswillgrow,thepartialovercapacitywillbecomemoreprominent,,thepost-crisisacquisitionsbetweendevelopedeconomiesarelikelytobeserio%ofthesurveyedenterprisessaytheirinvestmentinChinawillnot%%,theenterprisesinemergingeconomieswilltaptheiramplefundingstrengthandcanintegrateglobalsupplychains,,70%ofthesurveyedenterprisesbelievenewenergiesandlow-carboneconomywillbr,overhalfofthesurveyedenterprisesholdthatcarbontariffandotherme,globalsupplychainsmaybecomemorespatiallyco,"globalsupplychainswillcontinuetodevelopandthestatusofregionalsupplychainswillrise".Third,lsupplychainsofmultinationalcompanies,ercostfactorssuchasprocurement,logisticsandmanagementisrising,,market-orientedsupplychainswillbecomemoreimportantwhilelowcostwillcontinuetobetheprimaryconsiderationwhenmultinationalcompaniesarrangetheipansion,globalsugestoChinaThankstotheeffectiveandpropermeasurestakenbytheChinesegovernmentaftertheoutburstoftheglobalfinancialcrisis,ernalmarkets,mostof,Chinassta,GeneralMotorshasrelocateditsglobaloperationsheadquarterstoShanghai,smostimportantmanufacturingbase,butalsotheworld,itwillbecometheworldssecondlargesteconomyandtheworld,Chinasappealtomultinat,thetopfiveratedbythesurveyedenterprisesarerespectively"domesticmarketpotential","soundinfrastructure","laborcost","thelevelofadmissionforforeigninvestments",and"industrialconcentrationandsupportcapacity".Marketappealhassurpassedlow-costlabortobecomeChina,theintegrationandadjustmentofglobalsupplychainswillbringmajoropportunitiestoChina:20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以Source:ShenHengchao:AnalysisoftheEconomicValueofCoalLiquefaction,iquefactionthroughPricingMechansetforthinTheMedium-andLong-termDevelopmentPlanforCoalChemicalIndustry(draftforcomments)thattherewillbevirtuallyaprodigiousam,the30milliontonswillconsume135million~%ofthetotalcoalconsumptioninthesameyear(~~~~),andfor15%~20%,restrictingthedevelopm,edexplorationavailableforminingbythenewl,China’,readjustmentofthepowerstructur,,thepricingmechanismwillunavoidablydiminishtheeconontheShortandLongRunAtpresent,directandindirectliquefactiontechnologiesinChinahav,theInstituteofCoalChemistryoftheChineseAcademyofSciencesbuiltandputintooperationin2002anexperimentalplantofindirectc,atpresentonlytheindustrialdemonstrationprojectofChinaShenhuaGroupCorporationLimitedisunderway.、狗万国际手机登录用户至上铂发CQ9甜蜜蜜Regardingthefeedstocksandtechniquesofbio-dieselproduction,severaluniversitiesandinstitutes,includingtheUniversityofScienceandTechnologyofChina,theResearchInstituteofPetroleumProcessing,BeijingUniversityofChemicalTechnology,NorthwestAgricultureForestryUniversity,EastChinaUniversityofScienceandTechnology,NortheastForestryUniversity,ChineseAcademyofSciences,SichuanUniveristyandHunanForestryResearchInstitutehavecarriedoutstudiesandexperimentsonthepropertiesofJatrophaCurcas,CornusWilsonianaWanaer,andEuphorbiatirucalli,,theForestryRDCenterofChineseAcademyofForestryhascarriedoutanationwidesurveyonplantsforfueloil,the,MOSTlaunchedthebio-dieselprojectasake,2005,theTenthNationalPeoplesCongressapprovedtheLawofRenewableEnergyResourcesofChina,,NDRClisted"keytechnologiesinbio-dieselproductionandprocesscontrol",2006,theMinistryofFinance,NDRC,theMinistryofAgriculture,theNationalBureauofTaxesandtheStateForestryAdministrationissuedthedocumentcalled"ImplementationOpinionsaboutExtendingFinancialandTaxationSupporttoDevelopBio-energyandBio-chemistry",,policiesandmethodshav,andwe,wecouldalreadyseesomepositivefactorsinthisindustry,suchasmarket-orientation,multi-investment,andincreaseinfarmers,currentlytherearesomeurgentproblemstobesolved,includingthesupplyofrawmaterial,qualitystandards,,productioncapacityofbio-dieselinChinaisover3milliontons,butduetoshortsupplyofrawmaterials,omeateryoffalandacidoil,trievedfromeateryoffal,andinsomeareas,suchoilispurchasedinarushorstockedup,,noefficientorganizationalsystemhasbeenestablished,,thoughanumberofPistaciachinensistreesareplantedinsomeregions,theyarescatteredaroundan,whatshouldbenoticedisthatsomedevelopedcountriesaremakinguseofthel,bio-diesel,industrialtechnologiesusedinChinamainlyadoptwastegreaseandwildplantseedsasfeedstocks,withnormalandchangedacidandalkali,,advancednewtechnologywit,butequipmentsareobsolete,mhaventbeenestablished,andthetechnologicalservicesystemtosupporttheindustryhasnotbeenformed.ostandardizethepurchaseofdrugsbymedicalinstitutionswasfir,thousandsofpharmaceuticalmanufacturersandsellershadtopayunder-tab,drugprovidersneededtonegotiateonebyonewithm,allprovincesandcitiesundersurveypromulgsarenotstrictlyobservedinpracticeandtheyneedtopayunder-tablemoneywhensellingdrugstomedicalinstitutions,medicalinstitutionsholdthatafterthegovernmentagenciesorganizeCentralizedPurchaseofDrugs,,thecateg,representativesfromhospitalsbelievethattheCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsreducesthepublicdenouncementrelatedtohighdrugpricestowardmedicalinstitutionsanddoctorsbecausehospitalsarenowpurchasingdrugsatthepricesthatwinthebid(orthepricesthatarepublishedviainternet).2TheuseofinformationsysteminthepharmaceuticalindustryhasbeenfacilitatedInChinathepharmaceuticalindustryiscomposedofdrugmanufacturers,drugsellers,medicalinstitutions,,insomelocalitiesrelatedgovernmentaldepartmentsar,informationsystemhasbeenrapidlyestablishedandenforcedinmedicalinstitutions,dhelpcontain,monitorandpunishthosefly-by-nightcompaniesThispositivee,theCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsPolicycancontributeintheseaspects:(1)Thechannelsfordrugcirculationhavebeenclearly-definedTheprovincesundersurveyhavemostlypublishedprovisionsaboutthechann,alldrugsthatwinthebidshouldgothroughthe"twoinvoicesregulation"practice,butorsandanotherinvoiceisissuedwhendrugdistributorsselldrugstomedicalinstitutions.(2)TheCentralizedPurchaseofDrugsPolicyhelptocontain"drugbrokers"andthosefly-by-nightcompanies"Drugbrokers"usuallybuydrugsfrommanufacturersatbottomp,,theprofitabilityof"drugbrokers",fly-by-nightcompanieshaveonecommonfeadrugtransactionbyinspectingauthorities.(3)ThePolicyincreasestheconcentrationofmarketinsomelocalitiesForexample,therewere500to600drugdispensingcompan,thetoptendispensingcompaniesoccupyabout80%,thestate-holdingcompaniesdistributed10%ofalldrugsandthegrossprofitratewas9-10%.In2007,state-holdingcompaniesdistributed20%ofdrugsandthegrossprofitratewasbroughtdownto5-6%.Especiallythelow-profit,low-va,theconcentrationofmarketisnotexplicit.Notes:①Theoutputvalueproportionsfor1985and1990werethoseofthepublicenterprises,theproportionsfor1995werethoseofthestate-ownedenterprisesasindependentaccountingunits,andtheproportionsfor2000and2006werethoseofthestate-ownedandstate-holdingenterprises.②Thetradedatafor1985,1990and1995weretheoutputvaluesoftheenterprisesabovethetownshiplevelasindependentaccountingunits,thedatafor2000werethoseofallthestate-ownedenterprisesandtheenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscale,andthedatafor2006werethoseofallthestate-ownedenterprisesandthenon-state-ownedenterpriseswithcorebusinessrevenuebeingabove5millionyuan.③Therewererelativelyfewtradeswhosedatawereavailableforthetimebefore1990.④Thetradeswereallthosewithgrade-twocodes.○5The38tradesfor2006inclu:EstimatesweremadeaccordingtoChin:theproportionofthestate-ownedeconomycontinuedtofallandgraduallygotstabilizedFrom1993to2006,theoutputvalueofChinasenterprisesinthewholeindustrialsectorrosesharplyto34,(basedontheoutputvalueofallthestate-o).Duringthisperiod,thenumberofthestate-ownedenterprisesdroppedfrom105,000to25,000andtheircombinedoutputvaluerosefrom2,,,theirtot,,(thedatawithoutindicatingsourcearequotedfromChinaStatisticalYearbook).Thep,thest%to30%.,withitsshareoftotalindustrialemploymentdecliningfrom43%%(thefallforthewholeindustrialsectorwas17%).Butitsfiscal,%%,,theproportionofthestate-ownedeconomydroppedfrom50%toabout30%.Thenumberoftrades,wheretheoutputvalueproportionsofthestate-ownedenterpriseswerebelow50%,reached30,accountingfor70%omover50%tobelow50%duringthisperiod,10tradesdidsobefore1995,threedidsobefore2000andfivedidsoafter2000(Table2).Mostofthetradeswheretheproportionofthestate-ownedeconomyalreadydroppedbelow50%inthe1980snowseetheproportiondropbelow20%orevenbelow10%.Table2State-OwnedEconomysGDPProportions(%,2006)、DVORByChengGuoqiang,InstituteofMarketEconomy,DRCResearchReportNo43,2009Inspurringdomesticconsumption,tpolicymeasureforChinatocopewiththeinternationalfinancialcrisisandensuresteadyeconomicdevelopment,butalsoalong-termstrategicoptionforthecountrytopromotethechangeofitsmodeof,theprominentproblemsaret,fullytappingthehugepotentialofruralconsumermarketisvitallyi,rgoodsinChina,theensuingtrillion-yuang~2007period,thetotalretailofconsumergoodsintheruralareaswentuponanaverageannualrateof13%,whichwasvisiblyhigherthanthe8%postedduringthe1994~,theEngelcoefficientforChina%in2000andtheirpercapitanetincomereached2,,ruralconsumptionwillenteraperiodofrapidgrowthafterthepercapitanetincomeofpeasantsexceeds3,000yuanandtheEngelcoefficient(namelytheratiooffoodspendingtototalfamilyconsumption)dropsbelow50%.Ourpreliminaryjudgmentisthatsince2004,theconsumptionbyChina7thCPCCentralCommitteesetthegoalthatby2020,thepercapitanetpeasantincomewilldoublethe2008level,thelevelofruralconsump,thepercapitanetpeasantincomeshouldatleastreach8,%,ruralconsumermarketisexpectedtoreach5trillionyuanin2020,or74%,theirpurchasingpowerwillgro,paredwith2000,%%.Buttheratiooftran%%%%.Thismeanstheruralresidentsareinatransitionfromfood,residenceandother,%over2000,%,%,%,%,,homeappliances,mobilephones,computersandotherhighandmiddle-endconsumergoodshavebecomethehotspotsofpeasantconsumption,suggestingthattheconsumptionofruralresidentsinadditionalconsumerspendingbytheruralpopulationwillbringabouttwo-yuanconsumerdemandforthewholeeconomyandthateachpercentagepointgrowthinthepopularizationofanyhom,onceruralconsumermarketistrulymotivated,allySinceChinalaunchedthe"RuralMarketProject"in2005,atotalof2,300enterpriseshaveestablishedtheirruralcirculationnetworksin80%,Chinahas300,000ruralchainstoresand367ruralcommoditydistributioncenters,whichcover80%,ersandthecommercialformsofsupermarkets,conveniencestoresanddemonstrationstoresmovefromtheurbantotheruralareas,thepeasantsinmanyplaceshavebidfarewelltotheirtraditionalmodeofconsumptionthattheyhadtogotoindividualvendorsfordailynecessities,,thestatewillofferfiscalsubsidiestothenationwide"HomeAppliancesforCountryside"ofthehomeapplianceandrelatedindustries,butalsocanhelpimprovetheproductionandlivingconditionso,ChinastillfacesmanydifficultiesandchallengeswhenittriestoconarkethavebecomeaprofoundcontradictionandafundamentalprobleminChina:,,forexample,%ofthecountrystotal,%,,thetotalurbanretailofconsumergoodssurpassedtheruralretail,,,whichaccountedfortwo-thirdsofthenationaltotal,,rapidurbanizationhasledtoareductioninruralpopulationandanincreaseinurbanmigra~2007period,theaverageannualgrowthrateofthedisposableincomeofChina%,whi%.::1in1985,::,regionaldi,,itwillbecomeincreasinglydifficulttonarrowtheincomegapsbetweentheurbanandruralregionsandbetweendifferentregionsasaresultofthedevelopmentofChina...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByWangZhonghong,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo118,sdigitaltelevisionindustryAttheendof2008,Chinasdigitaltelevisionuserstotaledmorethan60million,accountingforabout15%ofthecountrysgoaltobasicallystopbroadcastinganaloguetelevisionby2015,thedigitaltelevisionindustrystillhastocoverabout85%,universalserialbuses,vehicleterminalsandspecialserviceequipmentwi,dataservices,s395milliontelevisionuserspays10yuanforvalue-addedservicesorpaycontents,measuretorejuvenateinformationtechnologyindustryandboosteconomicgrowthDigitaltelevisioninvolvesintegratedcircuits,consumerelectronics,ITequipment,broadcastingequipment,technicalservices,multimediacontents,astelevisionintothedigitalagebutalsopushforwardthedevelopmentofthewho,t%over2007,%growth,thesalesoftheele,%anselectronicinformationindustrynowfacesagravesituationduetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,thedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustryundoubtedlycanplayimportantrolesinspurringthedomesticdemand,rejuvpeoplesbenefitsandstatesecurityandstabilityTelevisionisamassmediathathasthemostfrequentandclosestcontactswiththepeople,%contentsandservicesandenhancethelevelofthepeople,,itisthemostr,thegovernmentsinallcountriesexercisedirectadministrationovertheterrestrialdigitaltelevisionstandardsandtheirenforcement,tructurewillassumegrowingstrategicimportanceinChinaseconomicandsocialdevelopment,inimprovingthepeoplesionindustryintheneartermCurrently,Chinahassolidtechnical,organizationalandindustrialbasesfordevelopingdigitaltelevisionandisstrivingforarapiddevelopment.(1),whichbegantoenforcein2007thecompletelyproprietarydigitalterrestrialtelevisionstandard(DTMB).Sofar,thestandardhasbeenadoptedby10provinces,27citie,thestandardhasbeenproventobemoreadvancedthantheEuropeanandJapanesestandardsinthestandardcomparisonsandtestsinCuba,Venezuela,(CMMB)targetedon,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilmhasalsoindependentlydevelopedthedirect-to-homesatellitetransmissiontechnologyABS-Stargetedontheremotemountainousareasandthevastruralareas,andhassucces,ChinaalsohasadvancedtechnologiesthathavewoninternationalrecognitionandwhoseproductsarebeingsoldtocountriesinEuropeandAmerica.(2),ChinantegratedCircuit,ShanghaiHighDefinition,BeijingLingxun,andBeijingTaiheZhiheng,thetelevisionsetmanufacturingenterprisessuchasChanghong,HaierandTCL,thebroadcastequipmentmanufacturingenterprisessuchasBeiguangTechnologiesandTongfangJiezhao,theset-topboxmanufacturingenterprises,themajortelevisionstations,,namelyTCL,Skyworth,Kongka,Changhong,HisenseandHaier,nowaccountforabout20%,Chinasuccessfullyconducteddigitaltelevisiontrialbroadcasting,layingafinefoundationformasscommercialapplication.(3),Chinasetupaleadinggroupfordigitaltelevisionresearch,,comprisingtheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilm,theStateQualityandQuarantineAdministrationandmanyothergovernmentdepartments,hasplayedkeyrolesinsetting,popularizingandindustrializingChina,atotalof150RDinstitutionsandenterprises,includingTsinghuaUniversityandHaierGroup,,chips,terminalproducts,programs,launchingandreceivingdisplayservicesandmanykeyproprietarytechnologies,theunionhasbecomeanintermediaryorganizationinthetechnologicalinnovation,standardpopularizationandindustrialdevelopmentofChina(1)andinvolvesdiversegovernmentfunctionssuchasequipmentregulation,contentregulation,operationregulationanduserguidanceanddiversegovernmentdepartmentssuchastheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,,,nos,regulations,organizationalstandardsandindustrialpoliciestoeffectivelyboostthedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustry.(2)TheProcessofformulating,ascapacityforindependentinnovationindigitaltelevisionsoastofreeChinafromthemonopolyofforeigntechnologies,bringChinastechnologicalstandardstothesupportingstandardshavebeenrelativelyslow,,forexample,theChinesestandardshavebeenproven,nearlyhalfofthesupportingstandardsfordigitaltelevisionhavenotbeenformulatedandaccordinglytheproducershavenoalternativebuttowaitforthepromulgationofthesestandards,eventhoughtheyalreadyhaveproductioncapacities.(3)on,itisstillweakintheproductionofstudioequipment,high-definitionprogramproduction,metersandinstruments,,itsproductiontechnologyforliquidcrystalflatabledigitaltelevisioncontents,theindustryisstillnotedforinsufficientcompetition,regionalisolation,smallindustrialscale,lowscaleeconomy,insufficientimpetustooperatorsinimprovingservices,weakprofitability,,mutualnetworkingisstillimpossiblebetweendifferentprovi,500cablenetworkcompaniesnationwide,DRCTaskForceonMacro-economicPerformanceFromJanuarythroughFebruarythisyear,%%respectively,yearonyear,,Chinawitnessedboththepressureofpreventinganoverhe,themacro-economicpoliciesshouldbeworkedoutinlinewiththeactualconditionsandaimedatcurbingasharppriceriseaswellasmaintainingthesteadygrowthofthenatsconsumerpricessinceJuly2006,thepricescontinuedtogoupsteeplyfromJanuarythroughFebruaryand,inparticular,thepricerisereachedthehighestmargininFebruarysinceMarch,,thepressureofpriceriseduringthefi,theretrenchmentpoliciesandtheslowdownoftheglobaleconomicgro,%sinthefirstquarterThecatastrophicsnowandicestormshittingsouthChinainthebeginningof2008notonlyincurredhugedirecteconomiclossesbutalso,(%constitutedbyfoodpricesinconsumerprices).,,intheconsumerpricerisefromJanuarythroughFebruary,,pigpriceswillremainhigh,yetthepricerisewillslowdownIn2007,%inChina,%intheconsumerpricerise,,stimulatedbymarketpricesandaidedbystatepolicies,%andth%.Atpresent,sandintensifiedfarming,theoutbreakofepidemics,thefactthatagoodnumberofpigletsdiedduetothesnowandicestormsandtheriseinfeedprices,itisestimatedthatthepigsupplywillremaintightforalongerperiodoftimewithintheyear,theporkpriceswillstillremainhigh,sediblevegetableoilimport,togetherwiththeoilmadefromimportedsoybeanandrapeseeds,hasaccountedforaround70%ofChina,theenthusiasmoftheChinesefarmersforsoybeangrowinghasbeenraised,,Americansoybeanoutputwitnessedadrasticreduction,resultinginanaggravationofthecontradictionsinglobaloilseedsupplyanddemand,nbyChinaoverrecentfouryearsandtherelativelystablegrainpriceshave,,,seeds,agriculturalfilm,dieselforagriculturaluse,mechanicalworkcostandemploymentcost,itisestimatedthatin2008thetotalcostforgrainproductionpermuwillreachRMB525yuan,anincreaseofbyabout50yuanover2007,anda10%,,thegrainpricesinChinaareobviouslylowerthanthoseonworldmarket,intheworldandtheshortageofglobalfoodsupplyhave,thegapbetweenChinesedo,thewholesalepriceofthehigh-qualitywheatonZhengzhouGrainWholesaleMarketremainedat1,660yuan/ton,being2,000yuanlowerthantheaverageFOBpriceoftheAmericanrubywinterwheatinthesameperiod(US$/ton,equivalenttoRMB3,/ton).InFebruary,thewholesalepriceofthepolishedlong-grainednon-glutinousriceinChinasmajorsalesterritorieswas2,493yuanperton,beingover1,400yuanlowerthantheCIFduty-paidprice(over3,900yuan/ton),theaveragepriceofChinasNortheastcornwas1,130yuan/ton,beingover1,eindrivingupChinesedomesticcommoditypricesWithChinasgrowingdependenceonworldmarketforoilandrawmaterials,in2007thepricesofthestapleproductssuchasironore,nonferrousmetalandcrudeoilrosebyawidemargin,drivingupthemarketpricesofrawmaterials,ardepreciation,thepricesofthepriceofthecrudeoilwillreachUS$—US$,therawmattheprocessingorproductionlinks,theex-factorypricesoftheindustrialproductswillstillrisebyasmallmargin,whichwilldriveupthepricesoftheindustrialconsumergoodsaswellasthehouseholdconsumerprices.。

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